The market placePictured is the town hall with its tower and the Ratsherrntrinkstube” tavern with the Glockenspiel “Meisterturm”. At street level merchants offered their various wares. Civil Service offices were housed in the interior of the building and this was where very important visitors were welcomed. Approximately 30 emperors visited the city between 1274 and 1802.
The St. Jakobs-ChurchVisitors to Rothenburg can see the towers of the monumental church from a distance. On the south side of the St. Jakobs-Church there is a scene carved in stone. It shows Jesus and the sleeping apostles. In the interior of the church visitors will be impressed by the size of the building. In the morning, when the sun shines through the magnificent windows the eastern part of the church can be seen in a very special light.
In former times there was a cemetery right next to the church. Due to their faith people wanted to be buried as close as possible to the church. Wealthy people were even buried inside the church. The construction of the church began in 1311 and was completed over 170 years later in 1485.
The imperial city museumThe museum is located in the old Dominican monastery, which was built between 1257 and 1258. Nuns inhabited the monastery and cared for the poor.
The museum depicts every day life in the middle ages. Tools, old weapons and coins are displayed in the exhibits. The museum also houses beautiful paintings by the English painter, Arthur Wasse. A visit to the museum will make you feel you are stepping back in time.
The "Klingentor"One of the most beautiful places and well worth seeing in Rothenburg is the Klingentor. This tower was built between 1380 and 1390 and was a vital part of the life of the city as it contained the distribution system for the town’s drinking water. The water was pumped 90 meters up from the valley. From here pipes distributed water through the city.
At the end of the 15th century a bastion was build in front of the tower. The St. Wolfgang-Church is part of this bastion. During the Hussite Storms another outer bailey with a draw bridge was built 30 meters in front of the Klingenturm.
The Castle GardenIn this picture you can see the gate and tower of the castle. Both originate from the first days of the castle in the 12th century.
During summer the garden is very beautiful, with flowers blooming and huge shade trees. From the Castle garden you have a great view to the Tauber valley and the city to the south. This very romantic and quiet place is a great place to take a break. Highly recommended!
The "Weisserturm"This tower, together with the Markus-Tower, is the oldest tower in Rothenburg. The gates date from the first city fortifications in the 12th century.
The Gallow-GateConvicted criminals were brought out of the city in procession through this gate to the gallows two kilometres away. Executions were accompanied by great ceremonies and provided entertainment for the townspeople.
The "Rödertor"Archtecturally the Röder-Tower is very similar to the castle and has two turrets on both sides. There is a weir system to keep enemies from breaking through the tower.
Together with the Gibbet-Gate the tower provided a good defence for the east side of the castle.
The Markus-TowerIn this picture you can the see the Röder-Arch and beyond it stands the Markus-Tower. Until 1844 the tower was used as a prison. The Markus-Tower is part of Rothenburg’s oldest walls dating back to the 12th century. It formed part of the fortifications. The tower is 22 metres high and its monumental walls are massive, with a width of up to two metres.
The Johannis-ChurchThe church dates from the 15th century. Since 1227 the Order of St. John conducted a hospital in the town. Because of the risk of infection the hospital was located beyond the former south-gate, the Johannis-Tower. Around 1400 the order expanded the church, which is consecrated to St. John the Baptist. On the outer walls is a stone sculpture of St. John the Baptist and St. Christopher.
The Criminal MuseumThe criminal museum is housed in the former monastery of the order of St. Johns Its exhibits display the torture instruments and execution methods used in the middle-ages. There are also paintings of witch-tracing.
The "Plönlein"In this picture you can see the „Sieber-Tower“ (left) and below on the right is the Kobolzeller-Rower looking towards the Tauber-valley. Walking down to the tower is recommended as the view to the south of Rothenburg is magnificent. The Riviera invites you to take quiet and enjoyable walks. The Plönlein is one of the most famous sights and is much photographed by the many tourists that visit Rothenburg. The name “Plönlein” derives from the Latin word planum and means plain.
The Spital-ChurchThe church is part of the Holy-Ghost-Hospital with a multitude of buildings which were built around 1280 outside the city walls. A hundred years later the hospital and the church were included in the “new” city wall.
The Stöberlein-TowerThe Stöberlein is the only tower which still has its original tower roof intact - the pavilion roof, topped with a cross. This tower is the only one that still has octagonal turrets, which many other towers originally had, but have since lost. A truly beautiful tower which gives you a glimpse of how magnificent Rothenburg was in its heyday.
The Spital-BastionThe Spital-Bastion was the last bulwark Rothenburg built in 1616. In this picture we can also see an earlier tower built in 1298. You can visit the bastion and see how advanced were the building techniques used. You can see the care and artistry that went into building the bastion.
The City WallThe city walls have been extended three times. Initially the stones of the “old castle” were used, after it was destroyed in an earthquake in 1356. We also know that local stone was used in the construction from quarries close to the city. Shell limestone was the preferred material as it is a very robust and resistant stone. Quarry and sandstone were also used.